Entrepreneurship in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

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إنشاء سوق أسهم «موازية» تستهدف الشركات الصغيرة والمتوسطة مطلع 2017

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“الاقتصادية” من الرياض

تعتزم شركة السوق المالية السعودية “تداول”، إنشاء سوق أسهم تستهدف شريحة الشركات الصغيرة والمتوسطة وذلك مطلع عام 2017.

وقالت في بيان نشر أمس إن هذه المبادرة تأتي نظراً لأهمية دور هذه الشريحة في دعم الاقتصاد الوطني ودفع عجلة التنمية، ولما تواجهه من تحديات تحد من قدرتها على التنافسية والحفاظ على النمو المستدام. وقالت إن الإدراج في هذه السوق سيوفر فوائد عدة للشركات، حيث إنها تعتبر وسيلة لتمويل مشاريعها، وإبراز أعمالها، إضافة إلى أنه يعد دافعاً لها لتحسين مستويات الحوكمة والإفصاح؛ مما يزيد فرص التوسع والنمو وتطور أعمالها. وأضافت “تداول” أنها حرصت على أن يكون لهذه السوق متطلبات ملائمة للشركات والمستثمرين لتشمل الفائدة أكبر شريحة من الشركات وتوفير بيئة استثمارية مناسبة. وأشارت إلى أنه سيسبق إطلاق هذه السوق حملة توعوية تستهدف الشركات الصغيرة والمتوسطة لتعريفهم بأهمية الإدراج، وأثر ذلك على استمراريتهم وتطوير أعمالهم، وتعريف المستثمرين بفرص الاستثمار المتاحة في هذه السوق.

من جهة أخرى، حققت شركة السوق المالية السعودي “تداول”، أرباحا صافية قدرها 107 ملايين ريال خلال عام 2015، مقارنة بنحو 265 مليون ريال تم تحقيقها خلال الفترة من عام 2014، وذلك بانخفاض قدره 59 في المائة. وشهدت الشركة انخفاضاً في الإيرادات التشغيلية بـ 17 في المائة، حيث بلغت 403 ملايين ريال مقارنة بـ 487 مليون ريال لعام 2014، وذلك بسبب انخفاض متوسط قيم التداول اليومية لعام 2015 بـ 22 في المائة عن عام 2014، حيث بلغت 6.7 مليار ريال مقارنة بـ 8.6 مليار ريال لعام 2014، مما أدى إلى انخفاض ملحوظ في الدخل من الأعمال الرئيسة بلغ 82 في المائة من 186 مليون ريال لعام 2014 إلى 33 مليون ريال لعام 2015.

Source: http://www.aleqt.com/2016/04/19/article_1048355.html

SAGIA simplifies essentials for foreign entrepreneurs

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Mar 30, 2016

JEDDAH — The Saudi Arabian General Authority (SAGIA) has introduced early 2016 several steps aimed to simplify licensing procedures for foreign companies planning to lay down roots in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.  Dr. Ayedh Al Otaibi, Director of Investment Policy and Regulations, said the steps included reducing the number of documents submitted by applicants and thus making a major reduction in time to less than 5 days; options for contracting business; ability to extend licenses up to 15 years; and improvements to entrepreneur visas.

SAGIA revealed a number of reforms to make investing in the Kingdom easier, said Dr. Ayedh.  Documentation requirements were significantly reduced to 3 simple documents; one is board resolution declaring intent of investment in Saudi Arabia, another outlining the investment plan including its economic impact, and a third showing the financial ability of the investor to carry out operations.

In addition, Dr. Ayedh added, all foreign investors now enjoy a fast track service to receive investment licenses within a maximum of 5 days; and investors would now have the option to extend their licenses for up to a 15-year period.

The short cyclical nature of the construction sector is viewed by many construction companies as challenging especially in a foreign country. To help reduce this risk we are adopting a series of measures and providing options for foreign investors in this sector to allow for a more sustainable investment.  This includes having the option of a 3-year license to explore the market and gradually work towards building the organization capabilities. After this period, the investor has the right to  procure a renewable license after establishing a sustainable entity with a minimum number of personnel, fixed assets and equipment. The investor also have the option of applying for a renewable permanent license, provided the applicant submits an undertaking to establish an entity with minimum level of assets and personnel within one year from the date of the license.

Another option  involves a temporary license for the implementation of specific contracts for specific duration with government or quasi-government agencies where the nature of these projects are characterized as non-frequent. The fourth option is that of granting a temporary certificate, in lieu of  a classification certificate, for the implementation of one single government project provided the applicant conforms to the prescribed regulations and standards.

Dr. Ayedh also noted that “we have worked with the Ministry of Labor and other government agencies to now refine and align “investor” and “general manager” visa requirements”

He added, SAGIA will issue a support letter to issue a visa for “Investor” and /or “General Manager”, in line with foreign investment and international agreements. This relates to the visa and does not affect the licensing or Investor ownership as the regulations deal only with investor/general manager visas.

More particularly, these regulatory measures are related to applying for investors or general manager visa (limited to sole proprietorship, a limited liability company owned wholly or partly by individuals, and the branch of a limited liability foreign company, which is owned in part or whole by individuals), will get support letter for entrepreneurs ”
investor” visa must conform  to one of the following requirements:

1. The activities of the entity need to fall under “innovative activities” with a valid patent used as part of the enterprise products.

2. The entity needs to be an exporter of its products with the condition that the technical specifications of the export products and the method of production must conform to the approved Saudi, GCC, or international specifications.

3. The entity must have a minimum of 50 workers and adhere to Saudi Arabia’s WTO commitment to employ a maximum of 25% foreign labor as part of the total workers employed in foreign or joint-venture companies and of these, 10% are managers and professionals and 15% technicians and workers, or vice versa.

4.  The entity’s paid-in capital must not be less than SR37.5 million.

The application of these requirements include existing and future licenses of the entities referred to above. Existing licenses will be granted a lead time of twenty-four months or the date before the second renewal of the license, whichever comes first, to adapt these conditions.  Owners will also have the option to obtain business visit visas in accordance with regulations and international obligations of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Source: http://saudigazette.com.sa/business/sagia-simplifies-essentials-foreign-entrepreneurs/

نادي ريادة – جامعة الدمام – رِحلةٌ عبر الريادة

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Source: https://riyadahuod.wordpress.com/2015/03/21/%D8%B1%D8%AD%D9%84%D8%A9-%D8%B9%D8%A8%D8%B1-%D8%B1%D9%8A%D8%A7%D8%AF%D8%A9-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A3%D8%B9%D9%85%D8%A7%D9%84/